Like in the areas of music and dance the Indian theatre is also defined by the dramatic performance defined by the concept of Natya which is a Sanskrit word for drama but encompasses dramatic narrative virtuostic dance and music.
Narrative relief panels are found on the drums of Buddhist stupas and the exterior walls of early Hindu temples.
A powerful new dynasty emerged in India about 320 AD called the Guptas who were probably not even having royal lineage but for a century ruled all of North Central India and are credited with the classical period of Indian art as well as a golden cultural era famous for its science literature Sanskrit poet playwright Kalidas belonged to this period visual and performing arts.
Hindustani music emphasizes improvisation and exploration of all aspects of a raga while Carnatic performances tend to be short composition-based.
Ancient India at the time of the Buddha was the classical era in Indian history in which literacy and urban civilization again appeared in the Indian subcontinent a thousand years after it had disappeared.
200 BCE c.